All Indian airlines (scheduled and cargo airlines); and airports (having aircraft movements more than 10,000 per annum where a single movement is a take-off or landing) have been asked by the aviation regulator DGCA to set up an environment cell to monitor and check carbon emissions. More importantly, airlines must submit records of voluntary measures undertaken to reduce carbon emissions to the DGCA by March 31 each year.
The DGCA defines being carbon neutral as having a net zero carbon footprint, refers to achieving net zero carbon (i.e., carbon dioxide) emissions by balancing a measured amount of carbon released with an equivalent amount sequestered, mitigated, or offset.
DGCA in turn, shall establish an Aviation Climate Change Task Force, with stakeholders in order to assess trends in carbon emissions, facilitate data collection and analysis, and formulate new initiatives to curb with climate change issues such as improvements in fuel efficiency, reduction of emissions from airport functions and ground operations, etc.
The procedures for the formation and operation of the Task Force will be determined by the Director General. All scheduled airlines and airport operators (both private and those under the jurisdiction of AAI) with more than 50,000 movements per year shall set up an Aviation Environment Cell within their respective organizations.
The Aviation Environment Cell must be headed by a person having sound knowledge of aviation environmental related matters. Cargo airlines and smaller airport operators (i.e., less that 50,000 movements per year) shall assign the environmental tasks to a specific company representative.
All scheduled airlines and airport operators (both private and those under the jurisdiction of AAI) with more than 10,000 aircraft movements per year, shall develop their own carbon footprint on annual basis to monitor the emission trends of their respective organizations.
Airport operators shall submit the following data on annual basis:
• Fuel consumption data from owned power generators.
• Fuel consumption data for airport-owned vehicles and equipment.
• Electricity consumption for the entire airport.
• Electricity consumption for the airport operator only.